Kamis, 07 Juni 2012

9 Strategies How to Teach Speaking

| Kamis, 07 Juni 2012
Traditionally, to teach speaking, teachers usually use memorizing and acting. They ask students to memorize a dialogue and then act it out in front of the class. Teachers may think it is easy to set up the task and the lesson would run smoothly.

Unfortunately, the real life is not that easy. People talk unpredictable. We never know what will someone ask and response.

Teachers should set up the speaking task more like speaking in real life. How to do that? Here are 9 strategies to teach speaking in the classroom closer to real life condition:

Asking and Answering/Interviewing
Students make a list of some questions. The questions must correspond with the topic of the lesson e.g. Personal Life, School Life. Help them to make good and correct questions. After that they walk around the classroom asking and answering freely. 

Describing and Drawing
Student A have a picture that student B don’t know. And Student B also have a picture that student A don’t see. Ask student A to describe the picture and student B draw the picture. After that student B will do the same. 

Choose a topic and ask students to discuss. Divide students into some groups. Teachers may give pictures aid to each group. This strategy is appropriate to the intermediate or advance learners. 

A student have information that must be guessed by the other students. To make it simple, prepare some cards containing a word. Give the cards to the students and let them play guessing in group. 

Show student a picture e.g. panorama, crowded in a market. After that ask students to close their eyes. Students mention what or where the things teacher tells. The next activity, students take turn in group. 

A student mimes about their feeling. The other students guess what his/her feeling is. 

Students must arrange something based on the instruction. To make it more interesting, teacher may divide students into several groups and make a competition. 

Completing a Form/Questionnaire
Students interview each other to complete a form or questionnaire. It is more like personal survey. 

Role Play
This technique is suitable for intermediate and advance learners. Students practice a situation e.g. in a police station, justice, market. Each Student has different role in the situation.

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