Grammar: Part of Speech

Traditional Method in teaching and learning English as a foreign language introduced Grammar Translation Method which tried to translate source language into target language.

Grammar Translation Method required learners to understand the part of speech. The part of speech  commonly formed a sentence when someone speak and write.

The part of speech are Noun, Verb, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, and Interjection.

Observe the following example and notice how they are formed!

Bravo! The foolish boy learns very hard that he succeed in his examination.

Bravo (Interjection)
The Foolish (Adjective)
Boy (Noun)
Learns (Verb)
Very Hard (Adverb)
That (Conjunction)
He (Pronoun)
Succeed (Verb)
In (Preposition)
His (Pronoun)
Examination (Noun)

Here’s an old children’s rhyme about the eight parts of speech of English grammar. It gives you an idea of what grammar is about. Read and remember it!

Every name is called a noun,
As field and fountain, street and town.
In place of noun the pronoun stands,
As he and she can clap their hands.
The adjective describes a thing,
As magic wand or bridal ring.
Most verbs mean action, something done,
To read and write, to jump and run.
How things are done the adverbs tell,
As quickly, slowly, badly, well.
The preposition shows relation,
As in the street or at the station.
Conjunctions join, in many ways,
Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase.
The interjection cries out, “Heed!
An exclamation point must
follow me!”

Now it's time to make your own sentences!

Syafi'i Mashur - Directive English Grammar
Anne Seaton and Y.H. Mew - Basic English Grammar 1

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