Dalam postingan kali ini sekolah oke menyajikan sebuah artikel tentang struktur teks (generic structure) cerita naratif Bahasa Inggris.
Generic structure cerita naratif terdiri atas orientation, complication, resolution dan reorientation.
Orientation berisi pengenalan tokoh, latar belakang tempat, waktu, dan suasana. Pada bagian ini juga digambarkan bagaimana alur cerita akan dibuat.
Complication adalah bagian teks dimana mulai terjadi konflik. Untuk cerita sederhana biasanya hanya ada satu konflik atau masalah.
Resolution adalah bagian yang menceritakan penyelesaian dari suatu konflik. Bagian ini bisa berulang-ulang jika masalah lebih dari satu.
Reorientation adalah bagian akhir dari sebuah cerita yang berisi kesimpulan atau bagaimana cerita itu selesai.
Berikut ini adalah struktur teks dari cerita The Legend of Calonarang.
Long time ago in Girah Village there lived an old woman. Her name was Calonarang. She had magical power. Calonarang had a daughter. Her name was Ratna Mangali. She was very beautiful. Yet, nobody wanted to marry her because they were afraid of her mother.
People began to talk about Ratna Mangali. Calonarang didn't like people talking about her daughter. She loved Ratna Mangali very much. When she heard people talked about her daughter, she got angry. She cursed the village. People got ill and die.
The king sent his best soldier to arrest Calonarang. But, they failed. Then, the king called Mpu Baradah. The King asked for his help.
Mpu Baradah sent his student Mpu Bahula to Girah Village. Mpu Baradah told Mpu Bahula to propose Ratna Mangali. Calonarang was very happy when Mpu Bahula proposed Ratna Mangali. She knew that people would not talk about her daughter anymore. She gave her daughter a big wedding party.
One day, Mpu Bahula asked Ratna Mangali to steal her mother's magic book. When Calonarang was asleep, Ratna Mangali stole her mother's magic book and gave it to her husband. Then Mpu Bahula gave the book to Mpu Baradah.
After he knew Calonarang's magic secret, Mpu Baradah came to Girah Village. Calonarang and Mpu Baradah had a fight. Calonarang lost the fight because she didn't have her magical book anymore.