What is Explanation Text?

What is explanation text?
Explanation text is a text that has social function to tell how or why something happens. Explanation tells something deeply based on facts.

How to write explanation text?
There are three points of explanation text. First, you need to state phenomenon that you are going to explain. Second, you should tell the sequence explanation. Third, conclude what you have explain. Those three points are called generic structure of the text.

Example of explanation text
The following is an example of explanation text about the effect of using cocaine. Read carefully.

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug that is snorted, sniffed, injected or smoked and directly affects the brain. It is also called by the street names coke, snow, flake, blow and others. Cocaine usually makes the user feel euphoric and energetic. Cocaine is generally sold on the street as a fine, white, crystalline powder. Street dealers generally dilute it with such substances as cornstarch, talcum powder, sugar, or with such active drugs as procaine (a chemically related local anesthetic) or with such other stimulants as amphetamines. Adults 18 to 25 years old have the highest rate of current cocaine use, compared to other age groups presumably because it is very expensive.

Common health effects include heart attacks, respiratory failure, and strokes. In some cases, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. Physical effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Different means of taking cocaine can produce different adverse effects. Regularly snorting cocaine, for example, can lead to loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and a chronically runny nose. People who inject cocaine can experience severe allergic reactions and, as with any injecting drug user, are at increased risk for contracting HIV and other blood borne diseases. (adapted from Interlanguage - Joko Priyana).

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